Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal probe, held by dental hygienist, measuring pocket depths around tooth, examining progression of periodontal disease. Dental hygiene, periodontal disease and prevention concept.Have you noticed that your gums bleed when you brush your teeth? Do your teeth feel sensitive to hot, cold, or sugar when you eat or drink? Do you feel pain along your gum line? If you have answered yes to any of these questions, you might be dealing with gum disease or periodontal disease.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, commonly called gum disease, is an infection of the gums. Bacteria in the mouth target the soft tissues around your teeth. When they attack your gums, they cause inflammation, bleeding and soreness in the gums. Two different types of gum disease are possible. Gingivitis is the early form of periodontal disease. It affects the gums and is easily treatable with hygiene behavior changes, special toothpastes, special rinses, and special cleanings. Sometimes, antibiotics are prescribed to kill the infection-causing bacteria in the mouth.

The more advanced stage of gum disease is periodontitis. At this stage, the infection has moved into the bone and may result in tooth loss. Baystate Dental can treat periodontitis, but once a person develops it, they’ll always have it. We have many locations to server you. To schedule your consultation, contact one of our dental offices in BelchertownChicopeeEast LongmeadowGreenfield – Suite 6Greenfield – Suite 7LongmeadowLudlowNorthampton – King St,  Springfield – Harrison AveSpringfield – Main St #212Springfield – Main St #215WestfieldWest Springfield, and Wilbraham, Massachusetts.

How Is Periodontal Disease Diagnosed?

Although you can see symptoms when you are brushing your teeth, highly qualified dental hygienists or dentists use a probe to accurately determine how severe the periodontal disease is. The hygienist pokes your gums around the teeth to measure how deeply the gum has separated from the side of the tooth. If the numbers are between one and three, you don’t have to worry. Your teeth are healthy. If the hygienist comes up with fours and fives around your teeth, they must take action before the disease gets worse.

If you notice your gums are bleeding, call Baystate Dental make an appointment so we can help you.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Bacteria live in the plaque in your mouth. They feed on sugars in foods you eat and beverages you drink. They secrete toxins into your mouth, which hurt your gums. These toxins are what cause your gums to bleed when you are brushing your teeth. As the plaque hardens into tartar, your gums become more irritated and start to pull away from the teeth.


Risk factors that can increase your chances of getting gum disease include:

  • Not brushing at home or not doing it well
  • Avoiding regular dental cleanings
  • Smoking or using any type of tobacco products
  • Genetics
  • Weakened immune system
  • Poor diet resulting in poor nutrient intake

What Can Be Done?

To prevent gingivitis, you should brush for two minutes every day (twice) and floss once a day. It’s best to floss at bedtime, so you remove all food particles from your gums from the day’s meals.

But better at-home dental care is not enough. You also have to keep your dental appointments so that your mouth gets the deep clean it needs.

If you already have gingivitis, we will evaluate your treatment option. Contact one of our Springfield, Massachusetts dentist locations now for an appointment so we at Baystate Dental can determine the severity of your problem and develop a treatment plan for specifically for you. Our dental staff will discuss treatments, such as scaling and planing, antibiotics, special rinses and more with you.

Visit our contact us page to request a scheduled consultation regarding your treatment options that can help you have a healthy mouth. With 14 offices in Springfield, MA – BelchertownChicopeeEast LongmeadowGreenfield – Suite 6Greenfield – Suite 7LongmeadowLudlowNorthampton – King St,  Springfield – Harrison AveSpringfield – Main St #212Springfield – Main St #215WestfieldWest Springfield, and Wilbraham, Massachusetts – we are very easy to reach.